One need not be a professional photographer to capture sweetest moments of their life. We brought you some rules that you can follow to get that perfect picture by your phone or dslr.
Fill The Frame / Cropping :
Eliminate the background if it interferes with your shot so all attention falls on your main subject. This works particularly well with portraits when you’re trying to capture something more intimate and focused or are shooting in a busy location where what’s around them would just cause a distraction.
Don’t Cut Off Limbs :
Be more attentive on the edges of your frame to make sure the person/animal you’re photographing hasn’t had any of their body parts chopped off by it. Cutting off your cat’s tail, your dog’s ears or even part of your model’s head, will not only spoil your shot, the unintentional limb chopping can pull attention away from what the viewer should really be looking at.
Understand The Rule Of Thirds :
The Rule Of Thirds is the most basic rule . It is all about dividing your shot into nine equal sections by a set of vertical and horizontal lines.You should place the most important element(s) in your shot with the imaginary frame in place, on one of the lines or where the lines meet. It’s a technique that works well for landscapes as you can position the horizon on one of the horizontal lines that sit in the lower and upper part of the photograph while you’re vertical subjects (trees etc.) can be placed on one of the two vertical lines.
Use Frames :
Frames have many uses when it comes to composition. They can isolate your subject, drawing the eye directly to it, they can hide unwanted items behind it, give an image depth and help create context. Your frame can be man-made (bridges, arches and fences), natural (tree branches, tree trunks) or even human (arms clasped around a face).
Make The Most Of Lead In Lines / Shapes :
Subconsciously your eyes are drawn along lines in images so by thinking about how, where and why you place lines in your images will change the way your audience view it. A road, for example, starting at one end of the shot and winding its way to the far end will pull the eye through the scene. You can position many focal points along your line or may be just have one main area focus at the end of your line that the eye will settle on. Shapes can be used in a similar way, for example imagine a square and position four points of focus at the end of each point where the lines of the shape meet. You create balance in your shot as well as subtly guiding the eye by doing so.
Simplify – Know Your Focus :
Having your frame too much occupied can mean the person who’s looking at it just keeps searching for a point of focus and soon gets bored of looking when they can’t find one. This doesn’t mean you can’t have secondary points of focus you can still have them, it just means you should make every effort to make sure they don’t steal all the limelight.
Watch The Background :
Unattractive objects, overexposed or particularly bright areas and blocks/dots of bright color will all pull the eye from what it’s meant to be focusing on so take a good look at your background before you take your shot and if possible, find a background that’s not so complex. If you’re working on portraits assure there’s no nonessential items sticking out of your subject’s head and unless it adds to the shot, throw the background out of focus. To do this, select a wider aperture if working with a DSLR or select the Portrait Mode on a compact camera to tell it you want to work with a wider aperture.
EERA Academy Of Visual Art offers various diploma and degree courses in photography.
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